Beech trees are native to the eastern third of the United States and the adjacent Canadian provinces. The wood varies from a nearly white sapwood to a reddish-brown heartwood. There may or may not be a clear separation of the heart and sap wood.
The wood has little to no figure and a close uniform texture. It is classified as heavy, strong, having a high resistance to shock, and hard, ranking 1300 in relative hardness.
It machines well and smoothly. It is an excellent turning wood and has a high durability. It is used for flooring, furniture, brush blocks, handles, veneer, and cooperage. With proper treatment it is suitable for railroad ties.